Bone regeneration is a natural process where your body replaces old bone tissue with newer, stronger, and healthier bone tissue. This process can take place when your body experiences certain illnesses when trauma occurs, or after a tooth has been extracted and the body has healed. In some cases, we may have to do it artificially to increase the bone volume - such as before getting dental implants.
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that replaces missing or damaged bone in the jaw. A bone graft can restore health to a patient’s jaw by bolstering bone density or by rebuilding parts of the jaw that have been affected by gum disease.
Bone grafting procedures typically involve the use of donor materials. These can include cells from the patient’s own body, synthetic bone, or donor's bone. Donor's bone is harvested from another part of the patient’s body, such as the hip or leg. The bone is kept sterile and is then placed in the prepared area of the jaw. A patient’s own bone cells can also be grown in a lab and then inserted into the jaw.
Tooth extraction can stimulate bone regeneration in the jawbone. Bone loss in the jaw can occur as a result of gum disease, trauma, or decay. In order to maintain facial structure, tooth extraction may be necessary. An extraction allows your dentist to thoroughly remove the affected tooth from the jaw. The empty space in your jaw will be filled with bone grafting material to promote bone regeneration.
Dental implants are the only tooth replacement option that replaces both the root and crown of the tooth. Implants are anchored into the jawbone and can stimulate the jaw, preventing deterioration of the jawbone. They also prevent bone loss.
Dental implants stimulate jawbone growth, but they are not the only implant option that is effective at preventing bone loss. For instance, an implant-supported denture is anchored into the gums and prevents the jawbone from deteriorating.
GBR is an advanced procedure that is designed to help regenerate bone and soft tissue in the jaw. The procedure is performed when there has been a significant amount of bone or gum tissue loss. Regeneration of bone and tissue can help support a healthy smile.
Bone regeneration occurs through a process called guided bone regeneration. This procedure involves placing a membrane over the damaged bone. The membrane encourages the growth of new bone and tissue. Over time, the membrane is reabsorbed, and the bone and tissue have regenerated.