Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in its entirety. A tooth extraction might be needed for a variety of reasons, including:
While extractions are rarely needed, they are sometimes a necessary treatment option. Extractions should always be a last resort when other treatment options have been exhausted and pose no benefit. Some common reasons for extractions include severe decay that can no longer be treated with fillings, impacted wisdom teeth, which can damage neighboring teeth, severe gum disease, which can cause bone loss, severe crowding of the teeth, and fractured or cracked teeth.
Prior to the procedure, the dentist will administer a local anesthetic. The numbing medication will numb the area surrounding the tooth and the tooth itself. This way, you won’t feel any pain during the procedure. This local anesthetic will wear off in about 3-4 hours. At that time, the treated area should be completely numb. We will hold the tooth firmly using dental forceps, shake it to loosen it from the socket, and remove it completely from the mouth.
After your procedure, you’ll need to take special care of your mouth. You may experience bleeding, soreness, and swelling for a few days. Your dentist may also give you special instructions on how to properly care for your teeth and gums.
When you lose a tooth, the bone that used to surround it will start to deteriorate. Over time, the bone will deteriorate away, and you may develop an indentation in your gums where the tooth used to be. This indentation is called a “buccal space.” If the empty space isn’t filled, your surrounding teeth may start to shift into the empty space. This can lead to problems, such as misalignment of your bite.